JSR Launch Vehicle Database, 2019 Nov 18 Edition

Jonathan C. McDowell

A comprehensive list of orbital and suborbital space


The JSR Launch Vehicle Database is an attempt to provide a complete listing of all types of space launch vehicle, both suborbital and orbital, and indicate relationships between them. An attempt has been made to estimate numerical parameters even when they are not available in the literature, on the grounds that some reasonable estimate is better than none and gives a general idea of the vehicle's size and power. However, I have not always done a serious search to get the best available values, and you should not prefer the figures given here to those in other sources. Indeed, the reader should be warned that all values are likely to have 10 percent errors, and those indicated with a question-mark have at least 20 percent errors, and often are merely ROM or WAG estimates. Note that apogees in particular are often estimates. The LTCite citations apply only to the launch times; secondary citations are given for interest; I have not provided a detailed citation trail for the values in other columns of the tables. You have been warned.

I acknowledge the help of Joe King and Pat Ross at NSSDC, who provided access to the old World Data Center/Rockets and Satellites launch database, and Joel Powell, Jean-Jacques Serra, Vladimir Agapov, Phillip Clark, Asif Siddiqi, Peter Hunter, Jacques Tiziou and the late Geoff Perry for sharing data over the many years it took to assemble this information. Mark Cleary at Patrick AFB, Roger Launius at NASA HQ, Elaine Liston at the KSC archives, and Jeff Geiger at Vandenberg were among those who provided useful data. Mark Wade has also caught a number of inconsistencies in the designation system, which I've fixed, and Doug Burke found numerous formatting errors.

Above all, kudos to Carl Rigg who once again spent several months painstakingly comparing my data with his own extensive and independently constructed lists, and caught a large number of typos and errors. Thanks to Carl, I believe that this database is now as reliable a source for launch times, launch sites and vehicle types as any currently in existence.

In the 2014 edition I must also thank Ulrich Brocks who has scoured on-line newspapers and other resources to track down additional launch times and details.

The launch vehicle data files consist of the following auxiliary files which make precise the field entries in the launch lists:

In addition, a file of references to the launch times is provided.

This database forms the background data for a comprehensive launch list of 70780 launches. The launches include 5741 orbital launch attempts, 28500 suborbital launches, and 36539 endoatmospheric flights