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Jonathan's Space Report
No. 808                                                     2022 Jul 28        Somerville, MA
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International Space Station
---------------------------

Expedition 67 continues with Oleg Artem'ev, Denis Matveev,  Sergey Korsakov, Kjell
Lindgren, Robert Hines, Samantha Cristoforetti, and Jessica Watkins
aboard the ISS.

On Jun 28 (at about 0700 UTC?) the Canadarm-2 unberthed the Cygnus NG-17
freighter S.S. Piers Sellers. The Sellers was released into orbit at
1107 UTC. It ejected the Los Alamos NACHOS-1 cubesat on Jun 28 and was
deorbited over the Pacific at about 0645 UTC Jun 29.

On Jul 2 about 2230 UTC the Canadarm-2 unberthed the Bishop Airlock
from the ISS and held it out facing opposite the ISS velocity vector.
Bishop then ejected a large trash bag at 0005 UTC Jul 3. Bishop
was reberthed on the Tranquility module around 0130 UTC Jul 3.
This was the first use of the Nanoracks Airlock Trash Deployer system,
brought up on Cygnus NG-17. Mass of the trash bag is 78 kg;
size is around 1.5m diameter.

On Jul 15 SpaceX launched Dragon CRS-25, a cargo delivery mission. The Dragon trunk contains
a repaired BCDU (Battery Charge/Discharge Unit) for the ISS truss, and the JPL EMIT spectrograph
to be installed on ELC1 to study dust in the Earth's atmosphere.
CRS-25 docked with IDA-2/PMA-2 at 1521 UTC on Jul 16.

The EMIT was extracted from the Dragon trunk on Jul 22 and installed on ELC1 on Jul 24.
The BCDU was installed on ELC1 on Jul 25.

On Jul 21 astronauts Artem'ev and Cristoforetti made a spacewalk for
outfitting of the ERA robot arm. Between 1602 and 1640 UTC Artem'ev
hand-jettisoned ten student-built cubesats into orbit. Note that the
release times listed below are correct, but the mapping of specific
satellites to specific release times is speculative.

Chinese Space Station
---------------------

The Tianzhou 3 cargo ship undocked from the Tianhe module at 0259 UTC Jul 17.
On Jul 24 it remained in a 382 x 385 km orbit. It was deorbited over the South
Pacific on Jun 27 at 0331 UTC.

The Wentian module was launched from Wenchang Space Centre on Jul 24 at 0622 UTC.
It separated from the CZ-5B Y3 core stage at 0630 UTC and docked with the Tianhe
module forward port at 1908 UTC the same day.

Wentian has lab racks, an airlock, a robot arm, and an unpressurized experiment
section somewhat similar to the JEM-EF. Next month, it is planned to rotate the
module to a docking port at 90 degrees to the current one, giving the station
an L-shaped configuration similar to Mir/Kvant-2 in 1989-1990.

The 21 tonne  CZ-5B Y3 core stage, despite statements by Chinese officials, remains in
orbit and is expected to make an uncontrolled reentry sometime on Jul 30-31.

CAPSTONE
--------

The CAPSTONE mission began on Jun 28 with the launch of a Rocket Lab Electron from Mahia.
The 12U spacecraft has a mass of 25 kg and will be used to validate navigation
in near-rectilinear lunar halo orbit. The mission is sponsored by NASA-Ames and carried out
by the company Advanced Space (Colorado); CAPSTONE was built by Tyvak. 

At 1004 UTC Jun 28 the Electron second stage placed CAPSTONE in a 154 x
171 km x 39.1 deg Earth orbit, attached to Rocket Lab's Photon Lunar stage.
Combined wet mass of CAPSTONE/Photon Lunar was around 300 kg, and Photon
Lunar is around 275 kg wet 55 kg dry. Photon Lunar is an enlarged
Electron kick stage and marks the first flight of the improved
HyperCurie rocket engine.  At 1005 and 1045 UTC Photon made two burns to
raise the vehicle's orbit to 220 x 1075 km. On Jul 1 the orbit was
raised to 258 x 70215 km. On Jul4 at 0656 UTC the Photon made a further
416 m/s burn to reach a 264 x 1060200 km x 39.1 deg transfer orbit
towards Sun-Earth Lagrange 1 (SEL1). Photon and CAPSTONE separated at
0718 UTC.

After CAPSTONE separated, it communicated with the Deep Space Network
for a few hours and then fell silent, raising fears for possible loss of
the mission. Happily, though, communications were regained on Jul 6. 
CAPSTONE made orbit adjustments at 1530 UTC Jul 7 and 1530 UTC Jul 12
and is now entering the Sun-Earth L1 region.


SES-22
-------

SES-22 is a C-band cable TV distribution satellite for the western US, to be stationed
at 135W. The Thales Alenia Spacebus satellite has a launch mass of 3500 kg. It was
launched by Falcon 9 on Jun 29.
After intial checkout at 142W, by Jul 27 the satellite was drifting in GEO towards its
operational position.

PSLV-C53
--------

India's PSLV flight C53 placed three satellites in orbit for Singapore.
DS-EO and NeuSAR are imaging and radar satellites for Singapore's
Defense Science and Technology Agency, in collaboration with ST
Electronics, and built by S Korea's SATRECI. SCOOB-1 is a 3U cubesat
from Nanyang Tech U. with a solar multi-band photometer. POEM (PSLV
Orbital Experimental Module) is a set of ISRO technology experiments
attached to the PSLV PS4 fourth stage, which has been supplied with
solar panels to turn it into an operational satellite.

WFOV
----

ULA launched Atlas AV-094 on Jul 1. The Centaur stage made a three burn ascent
to a circular orbit a few hundred km above GEO. The main payload was
the WFOV Testbed, an experimental infrared missile early warning satellite
built by Boeing Millennium Space for the Space Force's Space Systems Command.
After WFOV was deployed an adapter was jettisoned, and finally the USSF 12 Ring
payload separated from the Centaur. USSF 12 Ring is an ESPA ring with solar
panels and a small propulsion system, carrying a set of secret experiments.

STP-S28A
--------

Virgin Orbit carried out a LauncherOne flight  on Jul 2 carrying
payloads for  the US Space Force's Space Test Program flight STP-S28A
and NASA's Elana 39 flight. The Boeing 747 carrier, Cosmic Girl, took
off from Mojave at 0549 UTC and flew out to the drop point at 120.8W
32.3N. Cosmic Girl dropped LauncherOne R6 at 0653:00 UTC; the two-stage
rocket reached a 170 x 500 km x 45 deg parking orbit at 0701 UTC; and at
0747 UTC the upper stage restarted to circularize the orbit at 492 x 498
km x 45.0 deg and released seven cubesats. The payloads are:

 CTIM-FD, a Univ. of Colorado 6U satellite to measure total solar flux.
 GPX-2, a NASA-LaRC 3U satellite to test commercial differential GPS receivers.
 Recurve, an AFRL 12U satellite to demonstrate communications with a ground-based mesh communications network.
 Slingshot-1, an Aerospace Corp 12U satellite to demonstrate use of internal ethernet to connect multiple
   payloads on a spacecraft.
 NACHOS-2, a Los Alamos 3U satellite to study trace atmospheric gases for volcanology and climate research.
 MISR-B, a 6U US SOCOM (Special Operations Command) satellite for `Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance'.
 Gunsmoke-L, a 6U Army SMDC tactical communications satellite.

Glonass
-------

Russia launched the Glonass-K No. 16L navigation satellite on Jul 7. It is expected to get the cover name
Kosmos-2557.

Starlink
--------

SpaceX launched Starlink Group 4-21 (53 satellites) on a single-upper-stage-burn insertion mission from Cape
Canaveral on Jul 7. Group 4-22 (53 satellites) flew on Jul 17 on a one-burn mission from Canaveral.
Group 4-25 (53 satellites) flew on Jul 24 on a one-burn mission from Kennedy Space Center.

Groups 3-1 and 3-2 (46 satellites each) were launched on Jul 11 and Jul 22 from Vandenberg, each on a two-burn
mission to sun-sync orbit. 

CALT launches
--------------

CALT launched a CZ-3B from Xichang on Jul 12 to put the Tianlian 2-03 data relay sat in geotransfer orbit.
CALT launched a CZ-2C from Taiyuan on Jul 15 to put two Siwei Gaojing 2 radar satellites in an 0604 LTDN sun-synch
orbit for Superview.

Vega-C
------

ESA carried out the first Vega-C launch, VV21, on Jul 13. The new P120C and
Zefiro 40 stages boosted the rocket northeast from the Centre Spatial
Guyanais, followed by the Zefiro 9 third stage and the first burn of the
AVUM+ fourth stage. This placed AVUM+ in an elliptical orbit, possibly
around 150 x 5890 km x 70 deg. At apogee a second AVUM+ burn
circularized the orbit and the LARES laser reflector satellite was
released. Two more burns lowered the orbit and six cubesats were
ejected, and then a fifth AVUM+ burn sent the empty stage to a disposal
orbit.

Lijian-1
--------

CAS Space launched the first Lijian-1 (also called Zhongke-1A) rocket on Jul 27.
The four-stage solid rocket placed six small satellites in orbit.
 The main payload, possibly around 400 kg, is Xin Jishu Shiyan (New Tech
Sat), developed by the Shanghai microsatellite centre for the Chinese
Academy of Sciences. The Jinan-1 satellite will continue experiments
with quantum key cryptography transmission; Guidao Daqi midu tance
shiyan weixing (Orbiting atmospheric density detection test satellite)
is a spherical atmospheric density research satellite. A pair of
satellites called Dianci zuzhuang shiyan shuangxing, Electromagnetic
assembly test double-satellite, are testing an electromagnetic docking
system. They may be 12U cubesats and were probably launched attached to
each other for later separation. Finally, Nanyue Aerospace Science and
Tech Innovation Research Institute in Guangzhou led the project for the
sixth payload, Nanyue Kexue Xing (Nanyue Science Sat), with ocean wind
speed and soil moisture detection instruments.


PVSAT
-----

S Korea's PVSAT ejected its first cubesat passenger, STEP Cube Lab II
for Chosun University, on Jun 29. RANDEV, for KAIST, was ejected on Jun
30. SNUGLITE-2, for SNU, was ejected Jul 3, and finally MIMAN, for
Yonsei U., on Jul 5.

Table of Recent Orbital Launches
 ----------------------------------

Date UT       Name			     Launch Vehicle	 Site		 Mission  INTL.  Catalog  Perigee Apogee  Incl	 Notes
Jun  2 0400   Geely Xingguo 01 zu 01 xing )       Chang Zheng 2C            Xichang         Comm/Nav 58A  600 x 617 x 50.0
              Geely Xingguo 01 zu 02 xing )                                                 Comm/Nav 58B
              Geely Xingguo 01 zu 03 xing )                                                 Comm/Nav 58C
              Geely Xingguo 01 zu 04 xing )                                                 Comm/Nav 58D
              Geely Xingguo 01 zu 05 xing )                                                 Comm/Nav 58E
              Geely Xingguo 01 zu 06 xing )                                                 Comm/Nav 58F
              Geely Xingguo 01 zu 07 xing )                                                 Comm/Nav 58G
              Geely Xingguo 01 zu 08 xing )                                                 Comm/Nav 58H
              Geely Xingguo 01 zu 09 xing )                                                 Comm/Nav 58J
Jun  3 0932   Progress MS-20                      Soyuz-2-1a                Baykonur        Cargo    59A  189 x 220 x 51.7
Jun  5 0244   Shenzhou 14                         Chang Zheng 2F            Jiuquan        Spaceship 60A  194 x 321 x 41.5
Jun  8 2104   Nilesat 301                         Falcon 9                  Canaveral LC40  Comms    61A  313 x 44926 x 18.7
Jun 12 1743   TROPICS 1                           Rocket 3.3                Canaveral LC46  Sci      F03  -1250 x 532 x 29.5?
              TROPICS 2                                                                     Sci      F03  -1250 x 532 x 29.5?
Jun 17 1608   Starlink (Group 4-19)               Falcon 9                  Kennedy LC39A   Comms    62    253 x 327 x 53.2
Jun 18 1419   SARah-1                             Falcon 9                  Vandenberg SLC4E Radar   63A   743 x 751 x 98.4
Jun 19 0427   Globalstar-2 FM19                   Falcon 9                  Canaveral LC40  Comms    64   1111 x 1125 x 52.0
              USA 328                                                                       Sigint?  64    520 x  531 x 53.0
              USA 329                                                                       Sigint?  64    520 x  531 x 53.0
              USA 330                                                                       Sigint?  64    520 x  531 x 53.0
              USA 331                                                                       Sigint?  64    520 x  531 x 53.0
Jun 21 0700   Wiseong-mosache                     Nuri                      Naro            Dummy    65A   694 x  708 x 98.0
              PVSAT                                                                         Tech     65B   695 x  704 x 98.0
Jun 22 0208   Tianxing-1                          Kuaizhou-1A               Jiuquan         Sci      66A   275 x  290 x 96.8
Jun 22 2150   Measat-3D                           Ariane 5ECA+              Kourou ELA3     Comms    67    274 x 35814 x 6.0
              GSAT-24                                                                       Comms    67    260 x 35739 x 6.0
Jun 23 0222   Yaogan 35 02 zu 01 xing             Chang Zheng 2D            Xichang         Sigint?  68    488 x 500 x 35.0
              Yaogan 35 02 zu 02 xing                                                       Sigint?  68    488 x 500 x 35.0
              Yaogan 35 02 zu 03 xing                                                       Sigint?  68    488 x 500 x 35.0
Jun 27 1546   Gao Fen 12-03                       Chang Zheng 4C            Jiuquan         Radar?   69A   595 x 599 x 98.0
Jun 28 0955   CAPSTONE                            Electron                  Mahia LC1B   Lunar probe 70A   220 x 1075 x 39.1
Jun 28 2020   NACHOS                                                     Cygnus NG17, LEO   Sci      15D   399 x 409 x 51.6
Jun 29 0750   STEP Cube Lab II                                             PVSAT, LEO       Tech     65D   693 x 704 x 98.0
Jun 29 2104   SES-22                              Falcon 9                  Canaveral LC40  Comms    71A   310 x 35627 x 16.5
Jun 30 1232   DS-EO                               PSLV-CA                 Satish Dhawan SLP Imaging  72A   562 x 573 x 9.99
              NeuSAR                                                                        Radar    72
              SCOOB-1                                                                    Solar phys  72
              POEM                                                                          Tech     72    533 x 567 x 9.9
Jun 30 2300?  RANDEV                                                       PVSAT, LEO       Tech     65E   693 x 704 x 98.0
Jul  1 2315   WFOV                                Atlas V 541              Canaveral LC41 Early Warn 73A  36106 x 36168 x 0.0
              USSF 12 Ring                                                                  Tech     73B  36167 x 36323 x 0.0
Jul  2 0653   CTIM-FD                             LauncherOne          Cosmic Girl, Pacific Solar    74    492 x 498 x 45.0
              GPX-2                                                                         Tech     74
              Recurve                                                                       Tech     74
              Slingshot-1                                                                   Tech     74
              NACHOS-2                                                                      Sci      74
              Gunsmoke-L1                                                                   Comms    74
              MISR-B                                                                        Imaging? 74
Jul  3 0750?  SNUGLITE-2                                                   PVSAT, LEO       Tech     65F   693 x 704 x 98.0
Jul  5 0925?  MIMAN                                                        PVSAT, LEO       Tech     65G   693 x 704 x 98.0
Jul  7 0918   Glonass-K No. 16L                    Soyuz 2-1B/Fregat       Plesetsk         Nav      75A 19140 x 19177 x 64.9
Jul  7 1311   Starlink Group 4-21                  Falcon 9                Canaveral LC40   Comms    76    267 x 327 x 53.2
Jul 11 0139   Starlink Group 3-1                   Falcon 9                Vandenberg SLC4E Comms    77    306 x 319 x 97.7
Jul 12 1630   Tianlian 2-03                        Chang Zheng 3B          Xichang          Comms    78A   188 x 35828 x 27.2
Jul 13 0630   USA 334                              Electron                Mahia LC1A       Sigint?  79A   590 x 590 x 40?
Jul 13 1313   LARES 2                              Vega C                  CSG ELV          Geod     80A  5882 x 5896 x 70.1
              AstroBio                                                                      Life Sci 80   5832 x 5864 x 70.1
              GreenCube                                                                     Life Sci 80
              Trisat-R                                                                      Tech     80
              MTCube-2                                                                      Tech     80
              Celesta                                                                       Tech     80
              Alpha                                                                         Tech     80
Jul 15 0044   Dragon CRS-25                         Falcon 9               Kennedy LC39A    Cargo    81A   207 x 267 x 51.6
Jul 15 2257   Siwei GJ2-01                          Chang Zheng 2C         Taiyuan          Radar?   82A   484 x 500 x 97.4
              Siwei GJ2-02                                                                  Radar?   82B
Jul 17 1420   Starlink Group 4-22                   Falcon 9               Canaveral LC40   Comms    83    320 x 332 x 53.2
Jul 21 1602   YuZGU-55 No. 5                                               ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TQ
Jul 21 1604   YuZGU-55 No. 6                                               ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TZ
Jul 21 1608   YuZGU-55 No. 7                                               ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TU
Jul 21 1613   YuZGU-55 No. 8                                               ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TS
Jul 21 1618   YuZGU-55 No. 9                                               ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TT
Jul 21 1623   YuZGU-55 No. 10                                              ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TR
Jul 21 1626   YuZGU-55 No. 11                                              ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TW
Jul 21 1634   YuZGU-55 No. 12                                              ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TV
Jul 21 1636   Tsiolkovskiy-Ryazan No. 1                                    ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TX
Jul 21 1640   Tsiolkovskiy-Ryazan No. 2                                    ISS, LEO         Tech    98067TY
Jul 22 1349   Starlink Group 3-2                    Falcon 9               Vandenberg SLC4E Comms   84      306 x 319 x 97.7
Jul 24 0622   Wentian                               Chang Zheng 5B         Wenchang LC101   Module  85A     166 x 318 x 51.3
Jul 24 1338   Starlink Group 4-25                   Falcon 9               Kennedy LC39A    Comms   86      231 x 335 x 53.2
Jul 27 0412   XJS                                   Lijian-1               Jiuquan LC130    Tech    87A     492 x 510 x 97.4
              Guidao Daqi MTSW                                                              Sci     87
              Jinan 1                                                                       Tech    87
              DZS 1                                                                         Tech    87
              DZS 2                                                                         Tech    87
              Nanyue Kexue Xing                                                             Sci     87

Table of Recent Suborbital Launches
-----------------------------------

On Jun 26 Equatorial Launch Australia inaugurated use of their Arnhem Space Centre launch site
with a NASA launch of a Black Brant 9 carrying the Wisconsin XQC X-ray astronomy payload.


Date UT       Payload/Flt Name Launch Vehicle      Site                  Mission    Apogee/km    Target

Jun  4 1325   New Shepard       NS PM4-4           W Texas               Tourism       107       W Texas
Jun  6 1400   Agni RV           Agni 4             Kalam I.              Test          500?      Indian Ocean
Jun 15        USN RV x 4?       Trident II D-5     SSBN 737, Pacific     Test         1000?      Guam
Jun 15        USN RV x 4?       Trident II D-5     SSBN 737, Pacific     Test         1000?      Guam
Jun 17        USN RV x 4?       Trident II D-5     SSBN 737, Pacific     Test         1000?      Guam
Jun 17        USN RV x 4?       Trident II D-5     SSBN 737, Pacific     Test         1000?      Guam
Jun 24 0935   RockOn            Terrier Imp. Orion Wallops I             Education     117       Atlantic
Jun 24?       Dummy stage       Zoljanah           Semnan                Test          500?      Arabian Sea
Jun 26 0219   STORT             VSB-30/IO?         Andoya                Hypersonic    100?      Norw. Sea
Jun 26 1429   XQC               Black Brant 9      Arnhem                X-ray Astron  327       N. Terr.
Jul  6 1347   SISTINE           Black Brant 9      Arnhem                UV Astron     243       N. Terr.
Jul 11 1101   DEUCE             Black Brant 9      Arnhem                UV Astron     262       N. Terr.
Jul 23 2000   S-520-RD1         S-520              Uchinoura             Hypersonic    168       Phillipine Sea

.-------------------------------------------------------------------------.
|  Jonathan McDowell                 |                                    |
|  Somerville MA 02143               |  inter : planet4589 at gmail       |
|  USA                               |  twitter: @planet4589              |
|                                                                         |
| JSR: https://www.planet4589.org/jsr.html                                 |
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